Cancer Research at the Morgridge Institute
Areas of Expertise
- Biomedical imaging & microscopy
- T-cell immunotherapies
- Tumor microenvironments
- Viral-induced cancers
- Pancreatic cancer
- Breast cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Neuroendocrine cancer
- Blood cancer
The basic biology of cancer is still largely a mystery. That’s why fundamental, early-stage research is essential to helping clinicians and cancer researchers study, diagnose, and treat cancers.
At the Morgridge Institute, scientists across biology are working to better understand and stop cancer. Our teams in biomedical imaging, virology, bioinformatics, and metabolism are working with cancer researchers at the UW Carbone Cancer Center, the National Institutes for Health and Stand Up to Cancer to drive new advances.
In biomedical imaging, scientists are developing advanced tools to diagnose cancer earlier and test new drugs and therapies faster. They are applying novel imaging techniques, such as fluorescence imaging, to study some of the deadliest cancers, like pancreatic cancer which kills more than 90 percent of people within the first five years of diagnosis.
These techniques are opening new pathways to test drug responses in lab-grown cancer samples, and study slow-growing neuroendocrine tumors. Non-invasive imaging is also an important testing ground to understand how other cell types in the body, like T-Cells and macrophages, could slow, stop, or even speed up cancer in some patients.
Morgridge experts in virology, metabolism, and bioinformatics are also contributing new knowledge about the unique environments that tumors create inside the body, and how some viruses, like Human Papillomavirus (HPV) and Hepatitis C, can lead to cervical and liver cancers respectively.
But it’s not just scientists in the lab who are helping fight cancer. Computer scientists and bioinformatics experts are important partners in cancer research. Experts here are making new ‘big data’ tools that help cancer researchers screen, test, and review therapeutics against the huge, growing body of data, research and information
In the News
Morgridge scientists take on new research challenges
An advanced biomedical imaging techniques reveals how cancer cells can hijack the metabolic activity of certain non-cancer cells in the pancreas to fuel tumor growth.
Morgridge Postdoctoral Fellow Matthew Bernstein developed a web tool to explore public RNAseq datasets to facilitate analysis for cancer researchers.
Morgridge investigator Jason Cantor is partnering with Thermo Fisher Scientific to give biologists a new medium to study human cells in their most natural state.
Neuroendocrine cancers grow so slowly they often evade detection before it's too late. By mimicking that slow growth in the lab, the Melissa Skala Lab hopes to speed up the creation of more effective treatments.
Scientists have developed a nondestructive way of measuring drug treatment responses in lab-grown cancer samples.
Researchers publish findings on use of a more human-like cell culture medium to explore gene essentiality
The Jason Cantor Lab at Morgridge is utilizing a new cell culture medium to ask how critical genes are to the survival and reproduction of human cells under different growth conditions. The technique could have important ramifications for the treatment of human diseases.
When you give, you’re helping scientists improve human health. Morgridge scientists are fighting deadly diseases and contributing new research to stop COVID-19, cancer, HIV/AIDS, and other disorders.
Here is a sampling of some cancer-related research initiatives at Morgridge.
- Skala Lab
The majority of our work is focused on cancer imaging, using photonics-based technologies. The most exciting ongoing project is in cancer immunology, including imaging new therapies in mouse models and immune cell engineering. We also are developing robust quality control technologies for T cell manufacturing, for use in immunotherapy. Another major focus is on developing cancer organoids for high-throughput testing of wide range of potential chemotherapies. We work closely with oncologists to collect fresh patient biopsies that are maintained in 3D culture (tumor organoids), which are used to screen response to multiple treatment options for each patient. In work sponsored by Stand Up to Cancer, we are seeking ways to identify metabolic vulnerabilities of cancer.
- Coon Lab
Cancer investigators rely on myriad technologies to gain insight into mechanisms of cancer progression and successful therapeutic approaches. Critical to their investigations is the analysis of the important biological actors — the molecules like proteins and metabolites that are at the heart of all cellular functions. Our cutting-edge mass spectrometry resources have become critical for many aspects of cancer research across UW-Madison, including understanding the aberrant cellular function of cancer cells, discovering critical cancer progression biomarkers, and guiding therapies for cancer treatment. We founded the Cancer Metabolomics and Proteomics Resource (CAMP) to generate large-scale quantitative data for these molecules in support of researchers at the UW-Madison Carbone Cancer Center. We have collaborated with more than two dozen UW-Madison cancer investigators in the past five years.
- Gitter Lab
My computational biology team is using biological networks and pathways to interpret multiple types of cancer-related “omic” data: genomic, transcriptomic, proteomic, etc. The first project is with Morgridge Virology Investigator Paul Ahlquist and several UW-Madison collaborators. We’re using pathway analysis algorithms to come up with a better consensus understanding of what cellular changes are driving cancer when individual measurements (such as DNA changes or gene expression changes) disagree. Our collaborators are working on head and neck cancer. A second project has similar goals but is using more modern computational tools and will be capable of reasoning with more data types. We also have an early drug screening project with a Wisconsin Institute for Research collaborator, hoping to identify new chemicals to inhibit an important cancer-related protein.