This section covers professional development and funding opportunities for career stages prior to independent faculty or other research-oriented positions. A typical research career path in metabolism or other areas of biological sciences begins at the undergraduate level and continues through postdoctoral training. Information is provided for opportunities to improve your writing skills, an attribute essential for success as a scientists, whether you are an undergraduate, graduate or postdoctoral researcher. This site then provides extensive information about opportunities to become involved in research (undergraduates) or to obtain funding for graduate students, postdoctoral and transition-to-independence scientists. Obtaining fellowships or other research funding at these careers stages helps focus research efforts and enhances career competitiveness.